Longitudinal brick walls, layings through five numbers on height tie up three horizontal numbers - a diaphragm. Space between, external and internal versts 4, fill with easy concrete, slag or another teploizolirujushchim a material. On conditions of durability the laying height should be no more than three floors.
a Fig. 59. The facilitated laying with brick diaphragms :
1 - easy concrete, 2 - rastvornaja a coupler, 3 - a continuous laying of a corner, 4 - a diaphragm from three numbers of a laying
The Laying with three-row diaphragms in corners is carried out by a continuous laying that raises durability and stability of walls.
The Laying with teploizoljatsionnymi layers (fig. 60, carry out with a backlash equal to a thickness warming plitnogo of the loose leaf between obverse verst and zabutkoj. A backlash fill on a laying course teploizoljatsionnym with a material (plates from mineral cotton wool, polyfoam, etc.). A heater layer through each five numbers of a laying divide tychkovymi numbers of bricks. The plitnyj heater should be stacked with maintenance of a dense adjunction to a laying.
The Thickness of a bricklaying with facing teploizoljatsionnymi plates 1; 1 1 / 2 and 2 bricks. A wall from lateral aspect warm penosilikatnymi and others plitnymi teploizolirujushchimi materials which establish closely to a laying. Ways of fastening plitnogo a heater to a laying depend on a material of plates and their sizes. Usually them specify in the building project. Facades of walls with plitnym a heater plaster to protect from atmospheric humidifying.
The Laying with the widened seams (fig. 60, 6, apply at erection of walls from a brick or legkobetonnyh stones. The widened seam have more close to an external surface of a wall. Its sizes, as well as the general thickness of a wall, are appointed the project. The widened seam fill inorganic teploizoljatsionnymi with materials or a solution (if a laying carry out on the easy solutions produced on porous fillers).
a Fig. 60. A brick laying :
And - with teploizolirujushchimi layers, - with the widened seams in a bricklaying, in - the same, in a laying from concrete stones;
1 - bandaging tychkami, 2 - external verst, 3 - plitnyj a heater, 4 - the widened seam, 5 - the whole stone, 6 - a longitudinal half