Ceramic stones and a ceramic brick (unary or utolshchennyj) from svetlozhgushchihsja glin, widely use a ceramic brick of moist pressing for an external obverse layer of a laying - a facing obverse laying.
At a laying of the basic and obverse layers of walls from identical in the sizes of a brick or stones, for example, in walls from a silicate brick with an obverse layer, from a ceramic brick light-burnt down glin. In walls from ceramic stones with an obverse layer from the same stones, but from light-burnt down glin, etc. A laying carry out with application usual mnogorjadnyh bandagings. At a laying of walls with application different in the sizes of a brick or stones (in the basic and obverse layers) for bandaging maintenance it is necessary to consider, through what quantity of numbers of a laying of the basic and obverse layers horizontal seams coincide and in their level an obverse layer to tie up with the core tychkovym nearby.
So, at a laying from unary (usually in the sizes) a brick with an obverse layer, from utolshchennogo a brick (fig. 96). At first spread facing verst from tychkovogo a number and three lozhkovyh numbers. An internal part of a wall (to height lozhkovyh facing numbers) erect from an unary brick. prokladnye tychkovye numbers from utolshchennogo a brick connect facing with other part of a wall through each three numbers of facing that corresponds to four numbers of the basic part of a wall.
a Fig. 96. The Bricklaying with an obverse layer from utolshchennogo a brick :
1 - tychkovyj prokladnoj a number, 2 - lozhkovye facing numbers, 3 - a laying from an unary brick, 4 - not half-number bricks
Facing verst spread on mnogorjadnoj to transportation system. In corners of walls in everyone tychkovom to a number stack lozhkom on two trehchetvertki. An internal part of a wall spread on mnogorjadnoj to system of bandaging of seams.
At a laying of the basic part of a wall from a usual brick and a facing layer from obverse ceramic stones (fig. 97) bandaging is provided without prokladnyh numbers, but only tychkovoj with verst from ceramic stones.
a Fig. 97. The Bricklaying with an obverse layer from ceramic stones :
1 - an obverse stone, 2 - internal verst and zabutka from a brick, 3 - not half-number bricks
Having laid an external number of stones, spread two numbers of bricks - internal verst and zabutku 2. Facing with a wall laying tie up (in level lozhkovyh stones) two numbers of bricks. A laying of an internal part of a wall and facing conduct on chain system of bandaging.
At a laying of walls from ceramic stones and facing by an obverse brick bandaging carry out under the scheme shown on fig. 98. In the beginning spread the facing versts which first row consists of the whole bricks 1, laid tychkom, and three following - from the halves of a brick 2 laid tychkom.
Then spread an internal part of a wall from two numbers of stones on chain system of bandaging. In level tychkovyh stones a laying level not obverse (usual) brick 4, laid lozhkom.
Tie up facing through four numbers tychkovymi the bricks jammed in an internal part of a wall. Facing spread on mnogorjadnoj to bandaging system. In corners tychkovogo a number two stack trehchetvertki 5, in lozhkovyh numbers - one trehchetvertku.