To the device of interroom and interroom partitions in buildings apply gipsobetonnye panels in the size on a room. Partitions mount after erection of all external and internal walls and installation of crossbars (runs) of overlapping.
Peregorodochnye of the panel lift universal chetyrehvet-vevoj balochnoj traversoj (fig. 126 see) with the rollers, allowing to level loading on loops and stropit panels in weight to 3т with any arrangement of assembly loops. Thus watch that all four carbines traverses have been well fixed for assembly loops of the panel, and do not suppose panel lifting for two loops as they can be pulled out and the partition will collapse.
Installation of partitions begin with a marking of places of their installation. Position of axes fix a paint or risks on walls and other designs to which partitions will fasten. In places of an adjunction to partition walls fix vilochnymi skobami (fig. 138, and, made of a steel strip in the thickness 3мм and attached to the Wooden stopper a ruff 1диаметром 10мм, and to a partition nails 4.
a Fig. 138. Positions of fastening of panel partitions to walls vilochnoj skoboj :
And - at installation, - after installation;
1 - a ruff, 2 - a partition, 3 - skoba, 4 - nails
On vertical surfaces have on two skoby on each place of an adjunction of a partition. At first skoby 3 put with the moved apart ends of a plug which serve directing at installation of partitions. After adjustment of position of partitions in the plan and on a vertical the ends vilochnyh skob press and attach to a partition nails 4 in the length 125мм, bending them on an opposite side skoby. That skoby were zapodlitso with a partition surface, in it preliminary choose the furrows corresponding to length and a thickness of plates skoby.
To overlapping (ceiling) of the panel krepjat steel plates (fig. 139, thickness 3... 4мм or squares, establishing them in chessboard order through 1500... 2000мм from each other. Steel plates 2 insert into the nests drilled in plates of overlapping, and attach to partitions 4 nails. A way of fastening by squares (fig. 139, 6) - mechanised. Standard squares 6 produce from a strip section 3X30мм and adjust djubeljami 5 to protecting designs. The partition is thus clamped me by the squares established in pairs from both parties a feather small towns. Djubelja hammer assembly piston pistols.
a Fig. 139. Fastening of panel partitions to overlapping :
And - plates to plates, - squares and djubeljami;
1 - an overlapping plate, 2 - a steel plate, 3 - a backlash between a partition and overlapping (run), 4 - a partition, 5 - djubel, 6 - squares
Peregorodochnye of the panel adjoining to each other, fasten among themselves metal skobami which hammer in top obvjazku panels, or steel plates on nails which establish zapodlitso with surfaces of panels.
a Fig. 140. Sequence of operation at installation panel gipsobetonnyh partitions :
And - stropovanie, - lifting, in - rasstilanie a solution, g - packing of rolled isolation, d - navodka, e - rihtovanie the bases, - adjustment, z - rasstropovka;
1 - the panel, 2 - a traverse, 3 - bed, 4 - skoby fastenings, 5 - a rejka-plumb, 6 - a box with a solution, 7 - roofing felt, 8 - assembly a drain, 9 - a little table
Panel partitions are mounted by a link from four persons: the machinist of the crane, the scaffold worker of 3rd category and two assemblers of designs (Mi - 5th and Mg - 4th categories). Work carry out in such sequence (fig. 140, and. The scaffold worker examines panels in a warehouse, checks lomikom durability of assembly loops, if necessary clears the panel of a dirt. Then the scaffold worker, having risen on podmosti, accepts to a traverse 2 and stropuet a partition for all assembly loops of the panel. Having gone down with podmostej and having departed from the panel on 4... 5м, he gives a command to the machinist of the crane to raise the panel on 200... 300мм. Having convinced of reliability stropovki, authorises for the further lifting of the panel and its moving to an installation site. At this time assemblers prepare a place for panel installation. The assembler Mi submits a shovel a solution on a basic surface, and the assembler M \ a shovel and kelmoj levels it. Then they unroll and spread on rastvornoj beds two layers of roofing felt 7 for a panel waterproofing. The machinist of the crane on a signal of assemblers submits the panel to an installation site, and assemblers accept it at height 200... 300мм from rastvornoj beds, develop over an installation site and get an end face in skoby, fixed on a wall. On a signal of one of assemblers the machinist of the crane slowly lowers the panel on the prepared bed. The assembler Mi at the tense slings turns in a hammer skoby 4 and nails up to the panel, preliminary having cut down in it furrows for skob. Then assemblers check correctness of installation of the panel after risk on a wall marking position of a lateral side of the panel. Insignificant deviations from design position arrange with the help lomov. Vertical position of the panel check a rejkoj-plumb 5, and then it is temporary krepjat a partition-1, from outside an end face a rack 8, or an emphasis if it is mounted between earlier established elements. The machinist of the crane on a signal of one of assemblers weakens a tension of slings, and assemblers, standing on little tables-step-ladders 9, rasstropyvajut a partition.
a Fig. 140
At installation of panel partitions under runs (fig. 141, and. 1 panel lower on overlapping in parallel run on distance 50... 100мм from it. At height 300... 200мм from overlapping the panel 1останавливают, and then, having delayed its bottom in design position, lower on the prepared basis. After that the panel temporarily attach to run 2, establish time fastening and remove slings. As time fastening of panels to runs use a screw clip 3 (fig. 141,).
a Fig. 141. Sequence of installation of panels of a partition :
And... g - under run, d - a temporary screw clip;
1 - the panel, 2 - run, 3 - a screw clip, 4 - constant fastening
Constant fastenings 4 put after definitive adjustment of panels. Then remove time fastenings and close up backlashes between a partition and other designs. For this purpose at first backlashes clear of dust, and then prokonopachivajut felt or a tow moistened in a plaster solution so that from each party a seam remained not filled on depth 10... 15мм. It is necessary for the best coupling of the solution put at furnish of a premise. Sound insulation of premises depends on quality zadelki backlashes, therefore it is necessary to condense carefully konopatku from both parties of the panel. Vertical backlashes between panels and walls can be closed up a plaster solution.