Prior to the beginning of a laying butovyh the bases prepare stones, establish boxes for a solution, a trench and trays for stone and solution descent.
At a laying of the bases "яюф ыюяр=ъѕ" in trenches depth to 1,25м boxes for a solution place on brovke trenches through 3... 5м one from another, and between them stacks butovogo a stone have. At a laying a stone from a stack submit to hands to the mason, and a solution dump a ladle-shovel directly on a laying.
a Fig. 82. The workplace organisation at butovoj to a laying of the bases in trenches and foundation ditches depth more than 1,25 m:
And - a longitudinal section, - a cross-section; 1 - a trench, 2 - rubble, 3 - butovyj a stone, 4 - a tray, 5 - a box for a solution, 6 - a laying, 7 - a flooring from boards, 8 - fastenings of walls of a trench, 9 - rasporki fastenings
For a laying of the bases in trenches and foundation ditches depth more 1,25м (fig. 82) stone stocks 3 and rubble 2 stack near to brovkoj trenches, and working boxes 5 for a solution put in a trench directly on a laying. A solution submit to boxes 5 tubs by means of load-lifting cranes, and at small amounts of works lower on trays 4, established at an angle 40... 50° to horizon that it did not fall, and arrived in regular intervals. A stone lower in a trench on a trench 1 section 40X40см.
a Fig. 83. Templates for a laying butovyh the tape bases:
And - without ledges, - with ledges; 1 - podkos, 2 - apertures for a cord-prichalki, 3 - wooden bruski
The Cross-section section of the bases and walls, especially at a laying in trenches, supervise wooden templates (fig. 83, and, which establish not less often than through 20м. On them mark laying numbers on which pull prichalku. The template simultaneously serves and porjadovkoj, and the adaptation for a marking of places of a bookmark in the bases of apertures to communications.
Butovuju a laying carry out links from two-three persons. At a thickness of the bases to 80см a laying conducts a link "фтющър": the mason of 4th category establishes porjadovki, pulls and rearranges prichalki together with the mason of 2nd category, puts versts with prikolkoj stones and zabutki, does rasshchebenku layings, supervises quality of a laying. The mason of 2nd category helps the mason of 4th category to establish and perestanavlivat prichalku, shovels and submits a solution on a wall, submits and displays stones, and also helps the mason to level a solution, to pin stones, to arrange zabutki and does rasshchebenku layings.
At a thickness of the bases to 1,2м a laying conducts a link "=Ёющър": two masons of 4th both 3rd categories and the mason of 2nd category. In this link the mason of 3rd category does zabutku and rasshchebenku layings. It helps to rearrange prichalku.
If a thickness of the base more 1,2м, a laying carry out a link "ёх=тхЁър" from two "фтюхъ". In everyone "фтющъѕ" masons of 3rd or 4th and 2nd categories enter. Both "фтющъш" conduct a laying simultaneously from the opposite ends of a site in length to 25м, under one cord, moving towards each other. The first "фтющър" spreads the external verst, the second - internal, thus is strictly observed vertical bandaging of a laying. Having finished a laying verstovyh numbers, links begin zabutku between versts, again moving towards each other.
For a laying butobetonnyh the bases stones stack along a field of operations, as well as at butovoj to a laying, considering thus that quantity of stones ("шч¦ьр") in butobetone should not exceed 50% from its general volume. Between stacks of stones leave a place for acceptance of a concrete mix and its moving to a timbering by means of inventory trays, trenches and other adaptations.