At installation of modular designs of brick buildings use basically all manual tools of the mason. Besides, at installation and fastening of ferro-concrete and concrete designs apply the following manual tool:
Building assembly breakage LM (fig. 120, - for displacement, rihtovki and installations of modular elements at installation and lifting work (such lomy in diameter 20 and 24, length 560 and 1180мм apply at installation of overlappings, ladders, platforms and other modular designs; in diameter 32, in the length 1320мм - at installation of base blocks);
a chisel (fig. 120, serving for clearing of mortgage details of concrete flows;
a hammer-cam (fig. 120, intended for okolki flows of concrete, clearing of mortgage details, a bend of assembly loops etc.;
steel brushes, or scrapers (fig. 120, g, surfaces used for clearing in installation sites of modular elements;
podshtopku (fig. 120, has the box-shaped steel case, with the wooden handle, and intends for solution consolidation in horizontal seams of modular designs;
steel konopatku and wooden kijanku (fig. 120, apply for konopatki joints krupnoblochnyh and panel walls;
zapravshchik cordlike materials, or a roller (fig. 120, and, the employee for zakatyvanija elastic linings in a mouth of joints of panel walls.
a Fig. 120. Manual tools for installation of modular ferro-concrete designs and for zadelki joints :
And - an assembly breakage, - a chisel, in - a hammer-cam, g - a steel brush, d - a scraper, e - podshtopka, - steel konopatka, z - wooden kijanka, and - zapravshchik cordlike materials, to - a roller for zakatyvanija linings
Assemblers use kelmy for levelling both podrezki surpluses of a solution and rastvornye shovels for rasstilanija rastvornoj mixes on basic surfaces at installation of modular designs.
At installation of modular designs the various control and measuring tool is necessary:
collapsible metres and roulettes for linear measurements;
levels (in the wooden or metal case), intended for adjustment of established designs;
twisted lnopenkovyj razmetochnyj a cord (fig. 121, diameter 1,5мм and length 15м for a marking of straight lines of axes. Dural a rejku-plumb (fig. 121,) for check of vertical position of established panels of partitions; rejku 1 hang on the panel and press an emphasis (rubber overlays) 3 to the panel; on a plumb deviation 5, measured in millimetres on a scale 4, define a panel deviation 6 from a vertical.
a Fig. 121. The Control and measuring tool :
And - razmetochnyj a cord in the case, - a rejka-plumb;
1 - rejka, 2 - a crossbeam, 3 - an emphasis, 4 - a scale, 5 - a plumb, 6 - a verified design